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City Bijeljina

Drinking groundwater resources and geothermal resources of Bijeljina Municipality

This Study was prepared in accordance with the agreement concluded between the Municipality of Bijeljina as the Contracting Authority and the Faculty of Mining and Geology (Institute of Hydrogeology) from Belgrade as the Contractor. The Contractor filed the agreement under number 1062/1 dated 30 June 1994.
An indirect cause for the preparation of the Study was amendment to the Urban Plan (UP) of Bijeljina made by the Yugoslav Institute for Urbanism and Residential Affairs from Belgrade (YIURA). Direct cause for the preparation of the Study is the earlier result of geological, hydrogeological and geothermal tests in Semberija. They showed that territory of Bijeljina, and whole of Semberija, is extremely favourable for finding and exploiting geothermal energy from natural ground thermal water, and that this should be kept in mind when deciding on amendments of UP of Bijeljina. This preliminary evaluation was done in 1986 in the Study Preliminary evaluation of energy potential of hydrogeothermal resources in Mesozoic bedrock of tertiary sediments in the territory of Semberija in order to use them for heating of Bijeljina (Milivojević & Perić, 1985-1986).
In addition to hydrogeothermal resources, the territory of Bijeljina Municipality is very rich in hydrogeological resources in the form of quality drinking water in thick alluvial deposits of Drina and Sava rivers, so this resource is included in the amendments of UP of Bijeljina, and in this Study, due to its importance.
Because of all this, this Study consists of two parts. The first part shows the hydrogeological resources of drinking ‘cold’ water in alluvial and Neogene sediments with an assessment of the possibility of exploitation and use, and the degree of threat from pollution. The second part of the Study includes general geothermal features, geothermal potential, possibilities and strategy of exploitation, possibilities of use and basics of eco-management of geothermal resources, as well as the basic stages of their development.
The Study consists of 183 typed pages and 28 large-format graphic contributions in the form of ‘Strategic Atlas’. The Study was prepared in the period from July 1994 to December 1995.